C (Disaffected)

Calderhead, William- Norfolk; Loyalist claim; Merchant until obliged to leave; joined in Norfolk by his brother Thomas, who arrived from Glasgow in 1775. [C:72]

Caldwell, George- Augusta Co Court Martial 16 Oct 1776, summoned for not appearing at general muster, Capt John Gilmer; Court Martial 15 Oct 1777, fined for the musters of 16 Apr 1777, 14 Oct 1777. [ACCM:57, 75]

Caldwell, John- Augusta County; Court Martial 28 Oct 1778, Capt Long, returned for not appearing at muster 26 Sept 1778, fined 5 shillings. [ACCM:110]

Caldwell, Robert-Augusta County; Court Martial 28 Oct 1778, Capt Long, returned for not appearing at muster 26 Sept 1778, fined 5 shillings. [ACCM:110]

Callahan, Dinnes- Augusta Co Court Martial 17 Oct 1776, summoned for not appearing at one muster, Capt Long. [ACCM:64]

Calland, Samuel- Pittsylvania County; January 1777, summoned by the county court to appear and show cause why he (a native of Scotland) did not depart Virginia in pursuance to an act of Assembly. [PITT3:28]

Campbell, Abraham- Pittsylvania County; Refused to take the oath of allegiance to the Commonwealth in 1777 (Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, vol 43, 4).

Campbell, Colin- Loyalist claim; Born in America; Resided in VA until 1777; Took refuge with British fleet and went to NY; Appointed Lt in 74th Regt of Foot. [C:77]

Campbell, Colin- Loyalist claim; Merchant; Factor in VA for Glasgow merchants; Returned to Scotland before commencement of hostilities; Returned to America and settled at Penobscot with other loyalists; Evacuated and went to New Brunswick. [C:77]

Campbell, David- Augusta Co Court Martial 23 Oct 1778, summoned to show cause why he did not appear at place of rendezvous 20 Sep 1778, Capt Cunningham, and summoned again at Court Marital 26 Oct 1778. [ACCM:93, 99]

Campbell, Hugh- Augusta Co Court Martial 26 Oct 1778, Capt Henderson’s delinquents, returned for not appearing at place of rendezvous when drafted 29 Apr 1778. [ACCM:98]

Campbell, James- Augusta County Court Martial 17 Oct 1776, summoned for not appearing at one muster, Capt Stephenson; 16 Oct 1777, acquitted. [ACCM:62, 78]

Campbell, John- Augusta County Court Martial 17 Oct 1776, summoned for not appearing at two musters, Capt Stephenson; 16 Oct 1777, acquitted. [ACCM:62, 78]

Campbell, Joseph- Augusta County Court Martial 17 Oct 1776, summoned for not appearing at one muster, Capt Stephenson; 16 Oct 1777, acquitted. [ACCM:62, 78]

Campbell, Lachlan- Fredericksburg; Loyalist claim; Native of Scotland, went to VA as merchant 1764; Confined and deprived of business, left in June 1777. [C:78]

Campbell, Robert (Dr.)- King William County[?]; Obliged to leave America and went to Britain. [C:79]

Campbell, William- Augusta County Court Martial 17 Oct 1776, summoned for not appearing at one muster, Capt Stephenson; 16 Oct 1777, acquitted. [ACCM:62, 78]

Campbell, William- Augusta Co Court Martial 15 Oct 1777, acquitted for not appearing at three musters, Capt Peachey Gilmer. [ACCM:74]

Campbell, William- Augusta Co Court Martial 15 Oct 1777, fined for the muster of 14 Oct 1777, Capt John Gilmer. [ACCM:75]

Cannady: see Kennedy

Carlile, John- Augusta Co Court Martial 21 Oct 1778, Capt Lockridge’s delinquents, returned for not going out when drafted 15 Jan 1778, acquitted. [ACCM:86]

Carlivrite, Southerd- Princess Anne Co; Jailed 1781 “for bearing arms against the country.” [JAMESON]

Carmichael, James- 15 Jan 1776, a Convention Committee found that he had borne arms under Lord Dunmore and had been in the battle at Great Bridge, ordered he be prisoner of war at discretion of Committee of Safety. [SCRIB5:406-7]

Carmont, John- Norfolk; Loyalist claim; Shopkeeper; Bore arms at Battle of Great Bridge; Taken prisoner Feb 1776; Released, went to St Eustatia, then Antigua where commenced service on British ships; Often taken prisoner; Upon evacuation of NY, went to Bahamas, then England. [C:82; SCRIB:432]

Carne: see Kearne

Carpenter, Conorad- Augusta Co Court Martial 17 Oct 1776, Capt Peachey Gilmer’s company, summoned to show cause why he did not go out when drafted to serve under Capt Nalle; 16 Oct 1777, fined five pounds for sd. offense. [ACCM:62, 80]

Carr, Hugh- Montgomery Co; Militia, on a list of Capt Love’s company of delinquents from the musters of 29 June 1782, 27 July 1782, 31 July 1782. [VMHB 47:36]

Carroll, John- Augusta Co Court Martial 22 Oct 1778, “Carrol” summoned to show cause why he appeared at muster without arms 4 Sep 1778 and 25 Sep 1778. [ACCM:90]

Carson, James- Augusta County; Court Martial 29 Oct 1778, Capt Bell, returned for not appearing at place of rendezvous 29 Apr 1778 when drafted to go out in Capt Thompson’s company. [ACCM:114]

Carson, William- Norfolk; Loyalist claim; Mariner; Seized in Oct 1775 while coming down James River with provisions for family and Army; Escaped; Went to Halifax, then NY, then Port Roseway in 1783. [C:84]

Carter, John Jarret- Williamsburg; Loyalist claim; Supplied British Army with provisions and acted as guide; A volunteer at Yorktown during the seige; Went to NY, then London. [C:84-5]

Carthrae, John- Rockingham County Court, 27 March 1781, tried for “speaking words inimical to the United States,” jury returned guilty verdict, sentenced to imprisonment of one hour and fined £1000. [ROCKING:86, 89]

Cartner, Anto.- [or Curtner, Courtner] Rockingham Co Court 22 March 1779, on information against Cartner for swearing to join a company “of black boys or volunteers” and it appearing to the court that he was inadvertently or innocently drawn to join illdesigning persons against the peace of the Commonwealth, ordered he be discharged; He posted bond 25 May 1779 for his appearance at next court; 23 Aug 1779, trial by jury, guilty, sentenced to one year in prison and £10; 24 Aug 1779, court considering the trial evidence “& the circumstances of his family,” were of opinion that jury verdict was “rather severe” and he was recommended to the Governor as an object of mercy “to remit 6 months thereof.” [ROCKING:26, 38, 46]

Caruthers, Robert- Augusta Co Court Martial 17 Apr 1777, summoned for not appearing at muster 16 May 1776, Capt Lyle. [ACCM:69]

Cary, Bernard-Williamsburg; Loyalist claim; Shopkeeper, resided 12 years in America; “Repeatedly imprisoned” for loyalty, went to England. [C:85]

Casner, John- also “Cassner”; Augusta Co Court Martial 17 Apr 1777, summoned for not appearing at one muster, Capt Stephenson; 16 Oct 1777, acquitted. [ACCM:70, 78]

Cassidy, Michael-  Augusta County; Court Martial 28 Oct 1778, Capt Kinkead, “Casaday” returned for not appearing at muster 21 Sept 1778, acquitted. [ACCM:109]

Caton, John- Princess Anne Co, Lynhaven Par; Convicted of treason at a session of the General Court sitting 15 June 1782, sentenced to hang 19 July 1782. The House of Delegates, on 18 June 1782, resolved that he was a proper object of mercy and “pardoned” him for said treason, provided that he move to Augusta Co and live there for the remainder of his life. The Senate rejected the resolution of the House, and the case was referred to the Supreme Court of Appeals, which also rejected the House resolution. [GENCOURT1; SUPREME1:20-22]

Chadoin, Andrew- age 21, 5’10”, light hair, grey eyes, dark complexion, res. Buckingham Co, born Chesterfield Co, Sentenced by a court martial  to serve 18 months, sized 3 Aug 1782 at Cumberland Old Courthouse. [ACC24296:97-8]

Chambre, Walter- Norfolk Borough Committee 23 Aug 1775, resolved that Walter Chambre of Whitehaven “is an enemy to American liberty,” that he had broken the association by shipping goods contrary to said association, ordered that his censure “be published to the world.” [SCRIB3:483]

Chapman, John- Rockingham County Court, 26 Feb 1781, on information of Jacob Scott against Jno. Chapman for “speaking words inimical to the cause of America,” ordered he post £2000 to appear at next grand jury court to be indicted.

Charles, Peter- Augusta Co; 13 Apr 1779, Capt Trimble, fined for not appearing at muster 24 Dec 1779. [ACCM:121]

Cheeke, William– Bedford County Court 29 Aug 1780, examination of William Cheeke “for high treason,” he pleaded guilty, whereupon it was the opinion of the court that he be tried before the General Court (Creel, Bedford County Virginia Court Orders 1774-1783, 110, with reference to Order Book 6, 296).

Chesnutt, John- Augusta Co Court Martial 15 Oct 1777, fined for muster of 30 Aug 1777, Capt Hopkins. [ACCM:75]

Chesnutt, William- Augusta Co Court Martial 15 Oct 1777, fined for muster of 8 Sept 1777, Capt Hopkins. [ACCM:75]

Chisholm, John- [“Chesum, Chisam”] Augusta Co Court Martial 15 Oct 1777, fined for muster of 8 Sept 1777, Capt Hopkins; 15 Oct 1777, fined for one muster, Capt Daniel Smith. [ACCM:75-6]

Chisholm, William- Norfolk; Loyalist claim; Lived at Pettenweem near Norfolk; Merchant; Abandoned house and family in 1779 and took protection in the fleet; Went to NY, employedd to supply Army with fuel; Wounded at defense of Yorktown; Went with other refugees to the Bahamas. [C:89-90]

Christian, John- “son to Robt.”; Augusta County; Court Martial 28 Oct 1778, Capt Long, returned for not appearing at muster 26 Sept 1778. [ACCM:110]

Christian, William- Augusta County; Court Martial 28 Oct 1778, Capt Long, returned for not appearing at muster 26 Sept 1778, fined 5 shillings. [ACCM:110]

Christie, Zachariah- 15 Jan 1776, a Convention Committee found that he had borne arms under Lord Dunmore and had been in the battle at Great Bridge, ordered he be detained as prisoner of war at discretion of Committee of Safety. [SCRIB5:406-7]

Clark, Daniel- Augusta Co Court Martial 16 Oct 1777, “Clarke” find one muster, Capt Teater. [ACCM:81]

Clark, David- Augusta County; Court Martial 28 Oct 1778, Capt Long, “Clarke” returned for not appearing at muster 20 Oct1778. [ACCM:110]

Clark, John- Augusta Co Court Martial 16 Oct 1777, “Clerke” fined for one muster, Capt Teater. [ACCM:81]

Clark, William- [“Clarke”] Undated document addressed to Dunmore Co Committee of Safety, in which Clark stated “permit me to tell you that so long as you remain refractory and yiel no submission to the Mandates of the King, I shall pay no obedience to the summons of an Illegal Assembly combin’d in the most unfustifiable “Manner” and Having under their Consideration the most treasonable proceedings”; Signed document 5 July 1775 declaring that he would not hold correspondence with anyone disrespectful of the Continental Congress or any county committee, that the Americans were entitled to their rights, and that he would depart the town of Woodstock and Dunmore Co in ten minutes and not return for one year. [SCRIB3:252-3, 261]

Clarkson, Jesse- 15 Jan 1776, Convention Committee found that he acted as militia men in the Battle of Kemps landing against Lord Dunmore, after which he was forced into Dunmore’s service by Col Jacob Ellegood and fought at Great Bridge, ordered to remain a prisoner of war at discretion of Committee of Safety. [SCRIB5:406-7]

Clay, Zecle- Princess Anne Co; Jailed 1781 “for bearing arms against the country.” [JAMESON]

Claywell, Peter– Jailed for 2 days in Bedford County in 1780 on suspicion of toryism (Abercrombie, vol 1, 99)

Claywell, Shaddrack– Jailed in Bedford County for 8 days in 1780 on suspicion of toryism (Abercrombie, vol 1, 99).

Cleck, John- Rockingham County Court 24 Oct 1780, an information returned by the State Deputy Attorney for not giving in his taxable property, ordered summoned to answer. [ROCKING:78]

Clements, Gasper- Augusta Co Court Martial 17 Oct 1777, “Cleoments” summoned for not appearing at muster 16 Apr 1777, Capt Robertson; Court Martial 27 Oct 1778, “Cleomant” returned for not appearing at muster 25 July 1778, acquitted. [ACCM:71, 101-2]

Clemons, James- Augusta Co Court Martial 28 Oct 1778, Capt Hicklin, returned for not appearing at muster 26 May 1778, acquitted. [ACCM:107]

Coatney, Michael- Augusta Co Court Martial 17 Oct 1776, summoned for not appearing at two musters, Capt Daniel Smith. [ACCM:61]

Cochran, John- Augusta Co Court Martial 15 Oct 1777, fined for the muster of 16 Apr 1777, Capt Moffett. [ACCM:74]

Cochran, Thomas- Augusta Co Court Martial 17 April 1777, summone for not appearing at muster 16 Apr 1777, Capt Moffett. [ACCM:67]

Cochran, Thomas- Augusta Co; Court Martial 13 Apr 1779, Capt Trimble (but now of Capt Simpson’s company), summoned for not appearing at muster of 26 Nov 1778. [ACCM:121]

Coffee, William- Amherst County; 14 June 1780, account of William Powell of Amherst County, notes that Lane was apprehended by Maj Jno. Pope, evidently on suspicion of treason. [APA 139, folder 1781]

Coffilt, Philip- Augusta Co Court Martial 17 Apr 1777, summoned for not appearing at muster 8 Feb 1777, Capt McCay. [ACCM:71]

Coger, Nicholas- Henry Co, on Jan 1778 list of Thomas Henderson of those who refused to take the oath of allegiance to Virginia [VMHB 9:141]

Cole, Major- Accomack Co, on a list of militia delinquents who did not attend muster of 18 June 1778. [ACCOM1]

Coll, James- Augusta Co Court Martial 16 Oct 1777, Capt Robertson’s delinquents, fined for one muster; Court Martial 27 Oct 1778, returned for not appearing at muster 6 Apr 1778, acquitted. [ACCM:82, 100-101]

Collett, John- Accomack Co; Declined a commission from Lord Dunmore Dec 1775; 22 Dec 1775 commanded a vessel ordered by Dunmore to the Eastern Shore, was lost in a blizzard, captured, conducted to Hampton where he was stripped of his apparel, sent to Williamsburg where he was imprisoned. [SCRIB5: 197-8, 204, 406-7]

Collins, John- Augusta Co Court Martial 17 Apr 1776, Capt Robertson’s delinquents, summoned for not going out in Capt Lewis’s comp when drafted; 16 Oct 1777, fined five pounds for not going out, also fined for two musters; Court Martial 27 Oct 1778, returned for not appearing at musters 19 March 1778, 18 June 1778, 25 July 1778, acquitted for 19 March 1778, fined for 18 June 1778, acquitted for 25 July 1778. [ACCM:64, 81-2, 100-102]

Combs, Isom- [or “Comboo”?] Norfolk Co; Jailed 1781 for “going with the enemy.” [JAMESON]

Connelly, Newton- On a 2 Dec 1781 list of those in public jail, by Governor’s warrant, a “Refugee” from “York Town.” [ROSE]

Connelly, Robert- Augusta Co Court Martial 17 Oct 1776, “Connaly” summoned for not appearing at one muster, Capt William Anderson; Court Martial 23 Oct 1778, returned/summoned for appearing at muster of 20 Oct 1778 without arms. [ACCM:63, 91-2]

Connelly, Thomas Jr- Augusta Co Court Martial 17 Oct 1776, “Connaly” summoned for not appearing at seven musters, Capt William Anderson. [ACCM:63]

Connelly, Thomas Sr- Augusta Co Court Martial 17 Oct 1776, “Connaly” summoned for not appearing at seven musters, Capt William Anderson. [ACCM:63]

Connolloy, John- West Augusta; Loyalist claim; Appointed to take command of militia in West Augusta Dist; Inclined Indians to British interest; Captured and sent to Philadelphia Jan 1776; Released 1780; Released; Captured again at Yorktown, paroled on account of illness, went to England. [C:100]

Connor, John- [also “Conner”] Augusta Co Court Martial 17 Oct 1776, “Conner” summoned for not appearing at two musters, Capt Daniel Smith; 17 Apr 1777, summoned for not appearing at two musters; 15 Oct 1777, fined for five  musters. [ACCM:61, 68, 75-6]

Cooper, John- [or “Coopen”] Princess Anne Co; Jailed 1781 “for bearing arms against the country.” [JAMESON]

Cooper, Wm.- Powhatan Co, on return of Tho. Turpin Jr. 27 Dec 1777, refused to take the oath of allegiance to Virginia. [VAGEN 27:192]

Copes, Thomas- Accomack Co, on a list of individuals returned for not appearing at muster of 29 Oct 1778. [ACCOM1]

Corbin, Francis- Loyalist claim; Son of Richard Corbin, “old and loyal servant of the crown”; Sent before war to England to be educated; Student of law at the Temple. [C:102]

Corbin, Richard- Loyalist claim; Son of Richard Corbin, Deputy Receiver General of Revenue in VA; Helped his father prevent money from falling into hands of Americans; Sent to England to be educated. [C:102]

Corbin, Thomas- Loyalist claim; Refused to take up arms for Americans and was obliged to flee March 1778; In Britain, obtained commission as Ens in 18th Royal Irish Regt; Brother of Richard Corbin. [C:102]

Core, Major- Accomack Co, on a list of militia delinquents who did not attend muster of 16 May 1778. [ACCOM1]

Cornish, John– Northumberland County, November Court 1780; John Cornish brought before the court for behaving in a riotous manner against the draught, ordered he post bond for £10000 to keep the peace (Northumberland County Order Book 1773-1783, 433).

Costem, Isaac- 15 Jan 1776, Convention Committee found that he was taken by a party of Lord Dunmore’s and forced to march with his troops to Great Bridge, that he was afterwards sent in a tender to the Eastern Shore and, being drive ashore, was taken prisoner, ordered to remain a prisoner at discretion of Committee of Safety. [SCRIB5:406-7]

Coulter, John- Augusta Co Court Martial 28 Oct 1778, summoned for not appearing at muster 5 May 1778, Capt Thompson. [ACCM:106-7]

Coulter, Joseph- Augusta County; Court Martial 28 Oct 1778, Capt Long, returned for not appearing at muster 20 Oct1778. [ACCM:110]

Coulter, Michael- Augusta Co Court Martial 16 Oct 1776, summoned for not appearing at one private muster, Capt Stewart. [ACCM:58]

Cowan, James- Augusta County court martial 15 Oct 1777, fined for muster of 14 Oct 1777, Capt Buchanan, 28 Oct 1778, returned for not appearing at musters 25 Oct 1777, 12 Nov 1777, find five shillings for muster of 12 Nov 1777. [ACCM:77, 107-8]

Cowan, Robert– Bedford County Court, 28 Jan 1777, ordered that the Clerk certify to his Excellency [the Governor] that Robert Cowan who stood in the former Commission of the Peace for this county has not qualified under the Commonwealth and that he has manifested an unfriendly disposition to the American cause (Creel, Bedford County Virginia Court Orders 1774-1783, 40, with reference to Order Book 6, p 119); Bedford County Court, 25 Sept 1780, Commonwealth vs Robert Cowan, for breach of an act “for the punishment of certain offences,” he was found guilty, fined 20000 pounds, sentenced to imprisonment of one year. The statute in view, enacted in Oct 1776, provided that individuals who “by any word, open deed, or act, advisedly and willingly maintain and defend the authority, jurisdiction, or power, to the king or parliament of Great Britain” would be subject to fine or imprisonment (Creel, 111, with reference to Order Book 6, 298-9; Hening, Statutes at Large, vol 9, 170-71); Bedford County Court 27 Sept 1780, ordered that the Officer of the Guard permit Robert Cowan and John Murphey to associate together as also the wives & children & relations of the said Cowan & Murphey may have access to them as often as they shall think fit, unless ordered by some officer of the state to the contrary. On motion of Robert Cowan & John Murphey leave is granted them to walk out once a day or twice if it should appear necessary for their health under a strong guard not to exceed 800 yards from the Courthouse (Creel, 112, with reference to Order Book 6, 300).

Cowan, Samuel- Augusta County court martial 13 March 1776, summoned for not appearing at one general muster, Capt Patrick Buchanan’s Co. [ACCM:55]

Cowan, William- Augusta County court martial 15 Oct 1777, fined for muster of 14 Oct 1777, Capt Buchanan. [ACCM:77]

Cowardine, John- also “Cowarding,” Augusta Co Court Martial 24 Oct 1778, returned for not appearing at musters 16 June 1777 and 22 July 1777, Capt McCreerey. [ACCM:96]

Cowdon, Robert- Augusta Co Court Martial 26 Oct 1777, Capt Young’s delinquents, fined for six musters; Court Martial 22 Oct 1778, returned for not appearing at seven musters, and returned for not appearing at muster of 25 Sept 1778, and for not appearing at nine private musters since last court martial; acquitted for the muster of 25 Sept 1778. [ACCM:81, 89-90]

Cowling, John- Hampton; Loyalist claim; Native of England, “only Englishman at Hampton who did not join rebels”; Property burned by Americans in 1779, property looted by British troops in 1780; Went into British lines at Portsmouth and became clerk of King’s Yard. [C:105]

Cox, John– Montgomery County; 6 April 1779, Warrant from Walter Crockett and James McGavock to the Sheriff; “Whereas complaint has been made to us upon oath that John Henderson, Jacob Darter, Joseph Irwin, Joseph McFarland, Daniel Atter, John Stephens, Dunkin Ogullion, Philip Myer, William Black, Daniel Liberton, Daniel McKinsey, John Cox, Nathaniel Britain and Philip Lambert have entred into a conspiracy to seize the publick magaziens, and then to proceed to kill murder and lay waste this county,” warrant to apprehend them (LVA, Montgomery County Commonwealth Causes, barcode 1048926).

Cox, William- Powhatan Co, on return of Richd. Crump 31 Dec 1777 of those who refused to take the oath of allegiance to Virginia. [VAGEN 27:191]

Coyle, James- Augusta Co Court Martial 16 Oct 1776, Capt Linkhorn’s Co, summoned to show cause why he did not go out when drafted; 15 Oct 1777, Capt Linkhorn’s delinquents, fined £5 for not going out when drafted Daniel Smith’s company. [ACCM:60, 77]

Craft, Samuel- Princess Anne Co; Jailed 1781 “for bearing arms against the country.” [JAMESON]

Craig, Alexander- Augusta Co Court Martial 22 Oct 1778, “Craige” returned for not appearing at muster of 4 Sep 1778, Capt Young. [ACCM:89-90]

Craig, David- Augusta County; Court Martial 29 Oct 1778, Capt Bell, “Craige” returned for not appearing at musters 13 Aug 1778, 20 Oct 1778, acquitted; acquitted for not appearing at muster 17 Oct 1778. [ACCM:113-114]

Craig, George- Augusta County; Court Martial 28 Oct 1778, of Capt Bell’s Co, returned for disobedience of orders 22 Sept 1777 for not going out in the company commanded by Capt Moffett when drafted, fined 10 shillings; returned for not appearing at muster 20 Oct 1778, fined five shillings; 29 Oct 1778, “Craige” returned for not appearing at muster 13 Aug 1778, acquitted. [ACCM:109, 113]

Craig, James– Augusta County; 17 Feb 1778, removed from the Commission of the Peace (the pool of nominees for Justice of the Peace) for “refusing  to take the oath of allegiance” (Creel, Augusta County Court Orders 1774-1785, 99, with ref. to Order Bk 16, 261-2).

Craig, James- Augusta Co Court Martial 17 Apr 1777, “Craige” summoned for not appearing at muster 16 Apr 1777, Capt Robertson; 16 Oct 1777, fined for two musters; Court Martial 27 Oct 1778, returned for not appearing at musters 26 Nov 1777, 19 March 1778, 6 Apr 1778, 25 July 1778, acquitted for 26 Nov 1777, 19 March 1778, 6 Apr 1778, 25 July 1778. [ACCM:71, 82, 100-102]

Craig, James- Augusta Co Court Martial 26 Oct 1778, “Craige” returned for not appearing at muster 27 June 1778, Capt Givens. [ACCM:98; same man as one of the above?]

Craig, John- Augusta Co Court Martial 17 Oct 1776, “Craige” summoned for not appearing at three musters, Capt Peachey Gilmer. [ACCM:62]

Craig, John- Augusta Co Court Martial 17 Oct 1776, Capt Robertson’s delinquents, “Craige” summoned for not going out in Capt Lewis’s comp when drafted. [ACCM:64]

Craig, John- Augusta Co Court Martial 26 Oct 1778, “Craige” returned for not appearing at muster 27 June 1778 and 8 Sept 1778, fined for muster 25 July 1778, Capt Givens. [ACCM:98; same man as one of the above?]

Craig, Robert- Augusta Co Court Martial 16 Oct 1777, Capt Robertson’s delinquents, fined for one muster; Court Martial 27 Oct 1778, “Craige” returned for not appearing at musters 26 Nov 1777, 19 March 1778, 6 Apr 1778, 18 June 1778, 25 July 1778, acquitted for 26 Nov 1777, 19 March 1778, 6 Apr 1778, 18 June 1778, 25 July 1778. [ACCM:82, 100-102]

Craig, William- Augusta Co Court Martial 23 Oct 1778, “Craige” returned for not appearing at musters 27 June 1778 and 25 July 1778, Capt Givens; Court Martial 26 Oct 1778, fined for muster of 25 Jul 1778. [ACCM:93, 98]

Craighead, John– Bedford County Court, 24 July 1780, Commonwealth vs John Craighead, on an information for a breach of an “Act for the punishment of certain offences,” he was found guilty, fined 1000 pounds and sentenced to imprisonment six months. The statute in view, enacted in Oct 1776, provided that individuals who “by any word, open deed, or act, advisedly and willingly maintain and defend the authority, jurisdiction, or power, to the king or parliament of Great Britain” would be subject to fine or imprisonment (Creel, Bedford County Virginia Court Orders 1774-1783, 106-7, with reference to Order Book 6, 289; Hening, Statutes at Large, vol 9, 170-71).

Cralle, Thomas– [1] Ordered the Sheriff summon Robert Stott, John Lewis, John Keate, Thomas Cralle, Jeremiah Lewis, Rodham Douglas, George Brown Junr. and Luke Headley to appear at next court to shew in what manner they obtained certificats of their having taken the oath of allegiance to this state, having refused to take it in their own county (Richmond County Order Bk 18, 31); [2] Robert Stott and others inhabitants of this county being summon’d to shew in what manner they obtained their certificates of having taken the oath of allegiance produced a writing from under the hand of Thomas Crallie a Majestrate of the County of Northumberland which writing is by the court ordered to be preserved among the papers in the Clerk’s Office of this county (Richmond County Order Bk 18, 35).

Cramond, John- Norfolk; Loyalist claim; Rebels “frequently dragged him from family at night, imprisoned him for some months; once tarred and feathered him”; Went with Army to NY, then Charleston; Taken prisoner by French, escaped to London March 1782. Went back o NY, then Jamaica. Fought at the Battle of Great Bridge. [C:107; SCRIB5:406-7]

Cranney, John- Augusta Co Court Martial 17 Apr 1777, summoned for not appearing at muster 16 Apr 1777, Capt Hewett, also for not going out when drafted in Capt Nall’s company; 16 Oct 1777, acquitted [for what?], also acquitted for not going out when drafted. [ACCM:71, 73, 78]

Cranstater, Michel- [Bronstedder?] Montgomery Co; Militia, on a list of Capt Love’s company of delinquents from the muster of 25 May 1782. [VMHB 47:36]

Cravens, Robert- Augusta Co Court Martial 16 Oct 1777, Capt Cravens fined for not appearing at muster, not attending the court martial. [ACCM:83]

Crawford, Alexander- Augusta Co Court Martial 17 Apr 1777, “William Crawford & Alexr. Crawford” summoned for not appearing at muster 4 Apr 1777, Capt Young. [ACCM:69]

Crawford, George- Augusta Co Court Martial 16 Oct 1777, Capt Robertson’s delinquents, fined for one muster; Court Martial 27 Oct 1778, returned for not appearing at muster 25 July 1778, acquitted. [ACCM:82, 101-2]

Crawford, George- Augusta Co Court Martial 26 Oct 1778, returned for not appearing at muster 8 Sep 1778, fined for muster 25 July 1778, acquitted for muster of 8 Sep 1778, Capt Givens. [ACCM:98]

Crawford, Isaac- Augusta Co Court Martial 17 Apr 1777, summoned for not appearing at one muster, Capt Stephenson; 16 Oct 1777, fined for one muster. [ACCM:70, 78]

Crawford, James- Augusta Co Court Martial 26 Oct 1778, returned for not appearing at muster 8 Sep 1778, Capt Givens, fined for muster of 25 Jul 1778. [ACCM:98]

Crawford, James- Augusta County; Court Martial 29 Oct 1778, Capt Bell, returned for not appearing at muster 13 Aug 1778, acquitted. [ACCM:113]

Crawford, Martin- Augusta Co Court Martial 17 April 1777, summoned for not appearing at three musters, Capt Fraizer. [ACCM:72]

Crawford, Robert- Augusta Co Court Martial 23 Oct 1778, returned for not appearing at musters 28 May 1778, 25 July 1778,  and 20 Oct 1778, Capt Givens; Court Martial 26 Oct 1778, fined for musters 27 June 1778, 25 July 1778, 20 Oct 1778, and fined five shillings for disobedience of orders 26 Sep 1778. [ACCM:93, 98-9]

Crawford, William- Augusta Co Court Martial 17 Apr 1777, “William Crawford & Alexr. Crawford” summoned for not appearing at muster 4 Apr 1777, Capt Young; Court Martial 22 Oct 1778, returned for not appearing at muster 25 Sep 1778, Capt Young. [ACCM:69, 89-90]

Cristman, Abraham- Henry Co; 26 July 1781, appeared in county court on recognizance on suspicion of being inimical to the rights and libertys of America, a jury was sworn, found guilty, sentenced to pay £2000 and four months imprisonment. [VAN 8:17]

Criver, William- Augusta Co Court Martial 15 Oct 1777, fined for muster of 23 Aug 1777, Capt Buchanan. [ACCM:77]

Crockden, Mereday- Montgomery Co; Militia, on a list of Capt Love’s company of delinquents from the muster of 31 July 1782. [VMHB 47:36]

Crouch, Henry- Princess Anne Co; A Sergeant in Capt John Saunders’s company of loyalist volunteers, taken as prisoner. [SCRIB5:423, 426]

Crouch, John Jr- Henry Co, on list of George Waller of those who refused to take the oath of allegiance to Virginia 7 Oct 1777. [VMHB 9:13]

Crow, Jacob- Augusta Co Court Martial, 17 Oct 1776, summoned for not appearing at one muster, Capt Daniel Smith. [ACCM:61]

Cruchnell, Samuel- Nansemond County; 17 May 1779, signed promissory note to “appear whenever we may be called” by Gen Mathew or any other officer commanding His Majesty’s forces, otherwise to remain peacably at home. [CVSP1:319]

Cruden, Alexander (Rev)- South Farnham Parish, Essex County; Loyalist claim; Ordained in London, came to VA 1750; Refused to comply with ommission of prayers for royal family etc.; Escaped to St Eustatius, then England; age 62 in 1783. [C:111]

Cruden, James- Merchant; Loyalist claim; Commissioner of sequestered estates in SC. [C:111]

Crum, Matthias– Montgomery County; Warrant from William Preston 22 April 1779, to any “officer civil or military” in Montgomery County; Whereas information hath been made that Matthias Crumm “has lately declared that four thousand men had joined him against the country & had signed a paper to that purpose, that he was to have command of them & that the dispute would soon be settled between great Britain and America, and the said Crumm being a nonjuror and dissafected to the Government of this Commonwealth hath on sundry occasions expressed himself as an enemy to the country & has endeavoured to seduce the good people from their allegiences thereto,” warrant to apprehend the said Crumm and to “take him under a good guard to Fort Chiswell” (LVA, Montgomery County Commonwealth Causes, barcode 1048926).

Cummins, Alexander- Augusta Co Court Martial 27 Oct 1778, returned for not appearing at musters 19 March 1778, 6 May 1778, 25 July 1778, Capt Robertson, acquitted for 19 March 1778, fined for 6 May 1778, acquitted for 25 July 1778. [ACCM:100-102]

Cundiff, John– Jailed for 1 day in Bedford County in 1780 on suspicion of toryism (Abercrombie, vol 1, 99).

Cunningham, James- Augusta Co Court Martial 22 Oct 1778, returned for not appearing at muster of 20 Oct 1778, Capt Tate. [ACCM:89]

Cunningham, James- 15 Jan 1776, a Convention Committee found that he had borne arms under Lord Dunmore and had been in the battle at Great Bridge, ordered he be detained as prisoner of war at discretion of Committee of Safety. [SCRIB5:406-7]

Cunningham, John- Norfolk; Loyalist claim; Merchant; Commissioned in royal militia of Norfolk Nov 1775; Taken prisoner May 1776, escaped; Went to London from NY. Apparently commanded the loyalist fort at Great Bridge. [C:111-12; SCRIB5:58-9, 115]

Cunningham, Thomas- Augusta Co court martial 16 Oct 1777, fined for not appearing at muster of 1 Aug 1777, Capt Gray. [ACCM:77]

Cunningham, William- Merchant of Glasgow, Scotland; Loyalist claim; Engaged in trade in VA and MD; Went to VA in 1748 and started business; Returned to Glasgow 1768, leaving brother Alexander Cunningham in charge; Alexander Cunningham returned to Glasgow in 1768 leaving James Robinson in charge, but Robinson was expelled in 1777. Claims for much lost property in Culpeper Co, Hampshire Co, Frederick Co, Manchester, Richmond, Falmouth, Halifax Co, Lunenburg Co, Dumfries, Fairfax, Fredericksburg, Caroline Co, Chesterfield Co, Dinwiddie Co, Spotsylvania Co, Mecklenburg Co, Prince William Co, Stafford Co. [C:112]

Currey, Alexaner- Augusta Co Court Martial 23 Oct 1778, returned for not appearing at muster 20 Oct 1778, and acquitted. [ACCM:91-2]

Currey, James- Port Tobacco; Loyalist claim; Rescued Capt Rogers of HMS “General Monk” from prison in Alexandria; Joined the British Navy. [C:112-13]

Currey, John- Augusta Co Court Martial 15 Oct 1777, fined for muster of 31 May 1777, Capt Hopkins. [ACCM:75]

Currey, John- Augusta Co Court Martial 26 Oct 1778, returned for not appearing at muster 20 Oct 1778, Capt Henderson, and fined. [ACCM:97; same as above?]

Currey, Nicholas- Augusta Co Court Martial 15 Oct 1777, fined for muster of 28 June 1777, Capt Hopkins. [ACCM:75]

Currey, Robert- Augusta Co Court Martial 26 Oct 1778, returned for not appearing at muster 20 Oct 1778, Capt Henderson, and acquitted at muster of 26 Oct 1778. [ACCM:97]

Currey, Samuel- Augusta Co Court Martial 17 Oct 1776, summoned for not appearing at two musters, Capt William Anderson; 17 Apr 1777, summoned for not appearing at musters 16 Nov 1776, 1 March 1777, Capt Moffett; Court Martial 15 Oct 1777, acquitted for the muster of 18 Oct 1776; 16 Oct 1777, fined five musters; 27 Oct 1778, Capt Trimble, returned for not appearing at muster 6 Oct 1778, fined. [ACCM:63, 67, 74, 79, 103-4, 121; Unclear how many men we have here]

Curtner: see Cartner

Custer, David- Montgomery Co; Militia, on a list of Capt Love’s company of delinquents from the muster of 31 July 1782. [VMHB 47:36]

Custer, John- Montgomery Co; Militia, on a list of Capt Love’s company of delinquents from the muster of 25 May 1782. [VMHB 47:36]

Custer, Michel- Montgomery Co; Militia, on a list of Capt Love’s company of delinquents from the muster of 31 July 1782. [VMHB 47:36]

Custer, William- Montgomery Co; Militia, on a list of Capt Love’s company of delinquents from the muster of 31 July 1782. [VMHB 47:36]

Custis, Edmund- Accomack Co, on lists of individuals who did not appear at musters of 15 June 1778, 29 Oct 1778. [ACCOM1]

Cutler, George- Accomack Co, 10 May 1778, fined £4.0.0 for refusing to go upon alarm at “Annamessick.” [ACCOM1]

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